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CARDOZO, Francis Lewis

CARDOZO, Francis Lewis[1]

Male 1836 - 1903  (67 years)

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  • Name CARDOZO, Francis Lewis 
    Born 1 Jan 1836  Charleston, SC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Jul 1903  Washington, D.C., USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Francis Lewis Cardozo worked as a carpenter for several years, then studied at the University of Glasgow and the London School of Theology. Just after the Civil War, he moved back to Charleston from New Haven, Connecticut (where he had served as a minister for a year), to found a school. He became a major figure in Reconstruction-era South Carolina, serving as Secretary of State (1868-72) and State Treasurer (1872-76). In his last years, he was an educator in Washington.
    • Francis Lewis Cardozo

      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      Francis Lewis Cardozo (1 February 1836 ? 22 July 1903) was a clergyman, politician, and educator. He was the first African American to hold a statewide office in the United States. He was born in Charleston, South Carolina and died in Washington, DC.

      Contents

      1 Early years
      2 Political career
      3 Educator
      4 References
      Early years

      Francis Cardozo was the son of a free black woman, Lydia Weston, and a Portuguese-Jewish man, Isaac Cardozo, who worked at the customhouse. He attended schools for free blacks. Cardozo worked as a carpenter and a shipbuilder.

      In 1858, he matriculated at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. Later, he attended seminaries in Edinburgh and London. He was ordained a Presbyterian minister.

      In 1864, he became pastor of the Temple Street Congregational Church in New Haven, Connecticut. He married Catherine Rowena Howell. In 1865, he became an agent of the American Missionary Association in Charleston, South Carolina. He succeeded his brother, Thomas, as superintendent of an American Missionary Association school. He rebuilt this school into the Avery Normal Institute, which educated African Americans.

      Political career

      He was a delegate to the 1868 South Carolina constitutional convention. As chair of the education committee and advocated integrated public schools.

      When elected secretary of state in 1868, Cardozo became the first African American to hold a statewide office in the United States. He reformed the South Carolina Land Commission, which distributed land to former slaves.

      He was elected state treasurer in 1872. After he did not cooperate with corruption, some legislators unsuccessfully tried to impeach Cardozo in 1874. He was reelected in 1874 and 1876. In the turbulent period following the election, Democrats regained the state government. After Governor Wade Hampton III demanded his resignation, Cardozo left office on 1 May 1877.

      He was tried for conspiracy in November, 1877. Despite questionable evidence, he was found guilty and served over six months in jail. After federal election fraud charges were dropped against some Democrats, he was pardoned by Governor William Dunlap Simpson in 1879.

      He moved to Washington, DC, and accepted a position with the Treasury Department.

      Educator

      In 1884, Cardozo returned to education as a principal of the Colored Preparatory High School. He introduced a business curriculum and made it a leading school for African Americans. He served as principal until 1896.

      Cardozo died in Washington on 22 July 1903.[1]

      Cardozo Senior High School in northwest Washington, DC, is named for Francis Cardozo.

      He was a distant relative of former United States Supreme Court Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo.[2] His granddaughter, Eslanda Cardozo Goode married the concert singer Paul Robeson.

      References

      ^ Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, pp. 130-131, ISBN 1-57003-598-2
      ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/05/magazine/05rabbi-t.html?hpw=&pagewanted=all


      Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Lewis_Cardozo"
      Categories: 1836 births | 1903 deaths | People from Charleston, South Carolina | Secretaries of State of South Carolina | American schoolteachers | Recipients of American gubernatorial pardons
      This page was last modified on 28 July 2010 at 18:03.
      Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details.
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    Person ID I1814  Nabarro Genealogy | The Cardozo Family in America
    Last Modified 10 Dec 2010 

    Father CARDOZO, Isaac N.,   b. 2 Mar 1793,   d. 18 Aug 1853  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother WILLIAMS, Lydia,   d. 10 Jun 1864, Charleston, SC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F551  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family HOWELL, Catherine 
    Children 
    +1. CARDOZO, Francis Lewis Jr.
     2. CARDOZO, George
     3. CARDOZO, Harry
     4. CARDOZO, William
     5. CARDOZO, Essie
     6. CARDOZO, ? daughter  [Birth]
    Last Modified 12 Aug 2010 
    Family ID F738  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Cardozo, Francis Lewis - 1836 - I1814
    Cardozo, Francis Lewis - 1836 - I1814
    Title: [Francis Lewis Cardozo, half-length portrait, facing right]
    Date Created/Published: [no date recorded on caption card]
    Medium: 1 photomechanical print : halftone.
    Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-62589 (b&w film copy neg.)
    Rights Advisory: Rights status not evaluated. For general information see "Copyright and Other Restrictions ...,"(http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/195_copr.html)
    Call Number: LOT 13366, no. 2 [item] [P&P]
    Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
    Notes:
    Halftone repro. of photo made in Columbia, South Carolina.
    See LCQJ, Oct. 1977.
    This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.
    Caption card tracings: BI; Shelf. Sources checked: OCat.
    Collections:
    Miscellaneous Items in High Demand
    Bookmark This Record:
    http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005683659
    View the MARC Record for this item.
    Rights assessment is your responsibility.
    Cardozo, Francis Lewis - 1836 - I1814
    Cardozo, Francis Lewis - 1836 - I1814
    Title: Francis L. Cardozo - youngest son of Isaac N. Cardozo and Lydia / C.O. Gott, photographer, Syracuse, N.Y.
    Creator(s): Gott, C. O., photographer
    Date Created/Published: [between ca. 1850 and ca. 1880(?)]
    Medium: 1 photographic print on carte de visite mount.
    Summary: Francis L. Cardozo, full-length portrait, seated on chair, with drum, facing slightly right.
    Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-126169 (b&w film copy neg.)
    Call Number: LOT 13366, no. 14 [P&P]
    Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
    Cardozo, Francis Lewis - 1836 - I1814
    Cardozo, Francis Lewis - 1836 - I1814
    Title: Grandpa Cardozo / W.L. Troxell, Brooklyn.
    Creator(s): Troxell, W. L., photographer
    Date Created/Published: [between ca. 1870 and ca. 1880(?)]
    Medium: 1 photographic print on carte de visite mount.
    Summary: Francis Lewis Cardozo, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left.
    Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-126159 (b&w film copy neg.)
    Call Number: LOT 13366, no. 4 [P&P]
    Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

    Albums  Cardozo Family Papers (10)

  • Sources 
    1. [S140] 1880 United States Federal Census.